In history

We look into all the historic events that took place in October throughout the years.

Events

4th October 1911 – The first escalator in Britain opens at Earls Court, London
7th October, 1920, Women admitted to Oxford University as full members for the first time and are given the right to take degrees.
9th October 1967, the breathalyser is introduced to determine blood alcohol level of drivers.
10th October 1903, Emmeline Pankhurst founds the Women’s Social and Political Union to campaign for women’s suffrage in Britain.
11th October 1899, Start of the Anglo-Boer War.
15th October 1666, Samuel Pepys, the diarist records the first wearing of a waistcoat. It was worn by King Charles II.
16th October 1902, the first Young Offenders prison is opened in England at Borstal.
17th October 1860, the first professional Golf Tournament is played at Prestwick in Scotland.
19th October 1781, British general, Lord Charles Cornwallis, surrenders to George Washington at Yorktown ending the American War of Independence.
22nd October 1957, Captain Pugwash debuts
23rd October 1642, the first major battle of the English Civil War is held at Edgehill.
25th October 1854, the Charge of the Light Brigade takes place.
26th October 1863, the English Football Association is formed.
28th October 1831, Michael Faraday demonstrates the dynamo, founding the science of electro-magneticism.
30th October 1925, the first television transmission of a moving image is made by Scottish inventor, John Logie Baird.
31st October 1517, Martin Luther triggers the Protestant Reformation.

Births

1st October 1207, birth of King Henry III
2nd October 1452, birth of King Richard III, the last Plantagenet king.  Find out more about both Henry and Richard in future Monarch of the Months.
13th October 1852, Lillie Langtry, actress and mistress of King Edward VII.
20th October 1632, Christopher Wren, the architect who rebuilt St Paul’s Cathdral after the Great Fire of London.
27th October 1914, Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet.

Deaths

3rd October 1283, Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Wales is hung drawn and quartered, the first British nobleman to be so.
6th October 1892, Poet Laureate Alfred, Lord Tennyson
8th October 1967, Clement Atlee, former prime minister.
14th October 1066, King Harold II, dies at the Battle of Hastings.
18th October 1865, Lord Palmerston, former member of parliament.
21st October 1805, Admiral Nelson is mortally wounded at the Battle of Trafalgar.
24th October 1537, Jane Seymour, the third wife of Henry VIII dies following complications in childbirth of future king, Edward VI.
29th October 1618, Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded on the orders of King James I.

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